The question of whether human cloning should be permitted
Human cloning exploitation
The United States supported a global and comprehensive ban on human cloning through somatic cell nuclear transfer, regardless of the purpose for which the human clone was produced. Lawrence Edwards, UK Why is everyone so obsessed with the idea that cloning solely means the cloning of people? A temporary five-year ban on human cloning would enable his country to make a balanced decision on the question, he went on. I believe that reproductive cloning will have little practical use, the health and safety concerns will likely endure for decades, and it may create some challenging genetic enhancement issues. Arguments Against Reproductive Cloning 1. The technique could not be developed in humans without putting the physical safety of the clones and the women who bear them at grave risk. The ban did not extend to the use of cloning for stem-cell and other medical research, however. It is no longer an issue of holding the line, rather deciding how to redraw the lines. Implantation of cloned embryos would take place out of sight, and even elaborate and intrusive regulations and policing could not detect or prevent the initiation of a "clonal pregnancy". We should not clone purely for the sake of cloning. This research could be greatly facilitated by in vitro cellular models of human disease. Dan Hunt, UK We should be careful about what legislation is passed, we could inadvertently outlaw identical twins who are basically natural clones Mike, England We should be careful about what legislation is passed, we could inadvertently outlaw identical twins who are basically natural clones.
For 50 years, the WHO had set technical and ethical standards in virtually all areas of health. Yet we believe that, on balance, the objections to cloning-for-biomedical-research are outweighed by the good that can be done for current and future individuals who suffer.
This fits well with the broad, generalized concerns that the public seems to have about reproductive cloning. Indeed, it has been suggested that "aside from the moral debate on whether the embryo is a human being arguments about human dignity do not hold up well under rational reflection".
Human cloning pros and cons
Rebuttals to Arguments in Favor of Reproductive Cloning 1. Doctors and scientists must not become partial human beings who evade moral responsibility by claiming that they are not qualified to judge the moral implications of their own medical research or, worse, that medically beneficial research is always self-justifying, and hence that there are no real moral dilemmas at all. Subscribe to our daily newsletter. Now I see biology being hijacked by large biotech companies who genetically engineer plants for short-term profit. It isn't that long ago since those scientists cloned Dolly, whom they have since discovered to have arthritis, so they do not no the full implications as yet. That egg is then exposed to an electric current, which causes it to develop into an embryo that can eventually be carried by a surrogate. On the other hand, human cloning would lead to serious ethic, social, religious and legal problems.
Despite years of intense academic and public debate, there is little clarity as to the philosophical foundations for many of the emerging policy choices.
For the same reason people continue to do things that are hardly justifiable from the rational point of view. This area of science provides many solutions to some of the greatest medical challenges the world has ever seen.
Reproductive cloning pros and cons
A convention focused solely on reproductive cloning could not permit cloning for other purposes, he continued. He paints a picture of a future where people have clones of themselves, to provide spare parts if, say, you happen to loose a limb, or an eye, or need a new heart. Michael Pala, UK Are we really going to continue denying ourselves advancements simply because they remind us of our own mortality? From a medical and scientific point of view, research on cloned embryos may offer unique benefits. To study how genetic disease develops, scientists look for suitable laboratory models. That prospect was repugnant to many people, including those who did not believe that the embryo was a person. Like embryonic stem cell research, to which it is partially related, it offers a promising approach to gaining knowledge and techniques that could lead to new treatments for chronic genetic or acquired degenerative diseases and disabilities. Overall, he continued, human cloning was morally unacceptable, but no convention could be a watertight guarantee against its abuse. Unlike sexual procreation, asexual reproduction paved the way for predetermining the characteristics of the child. Other statements simply assert that "the production of identical human individuals" [ 20 ] or the creation of a "genetic 'copy"' [ 21 ] should be banned. We will eventually be able to control and manipulate everything, including life itself. Under a partial ban that permitted the creation of cloned embryos for research, human embryos would be widely cloned in laboratories and assisted-reproduction facilities. Is an identical twin's dignity compromised because of the mere existence of a sibling with an identical genome? These are the central questions in the debate, questions that Members of the Council over the past year struggled to answer, and that indeed every member of society must ponder when considering the ethics of cloning-for-biomedical-research. But these cells would have a chance to do this only if they can survive the normal immunological rejection response to foreign material.
A child produced by cloning would be the genetic duplicate of an existing person. But while the Council has strong differences of opinion, as delineated in the sections that follow, the Council speaks in a single voice in its affirmation that the debate must not be won by dismissing, ridiculing, or demonizing the other side.
It is certainly admirable to confront, endure, and redeem these unchosen afflictions. Already stripped of its social function, the family would now be rendered biologically unnecessary, if not irrelevant".
The law made reproductive human cloning a punishable offence, and provided guidelines strictly regulating the creation of human embryos utilizing cloning.
It would violate deeply and widely held convictions concerning human individuality and freedom, and could lead to a devaluation of clones in comparison with non-clones.
based on 98 review