The background and history of the aztec indians
But soon all changed.
Such tribute may have taken many forms, including textiles, warriors' costumes, foodstuffs, maize, beans, chiles, cacao, bee honey, salt and human beings for sacrificial rituals.
They become, and remain, loyal allies of the Spaniards in Mexico.
There appears to have been trade even in things that could be produced locally: love of novelty may have been a factor. Smith ME. Each calpulli also had a temple, an armory to hold weapons, and a storehouse for goods and tribute that were distributed among its members.
Nevertheless, Aztec society was highly gendered with separate gender roles for men and women. Without a plow and draft animals corn could be cultivated only on the lightest soils, the soils that were deposited by rivers and streams.
Copper products were generally imported from the Tarascans of Michoacan.
In the basin of Mexico, altepetl was composed of subdivisions called calpolli, which served as the main organizational unit for commoners. When the Toltec empire crumbled, the Azteca left Aztlan, and during their wanderings, they arrived in Teo Culhuacan old or Divine Culhuacan. They choose an uninhabited island in Lake Tetzcoco. In March prisoners fight to the death in gladiatorial contests, after which priests dress up in their skins. The reign of Moctezuma II Xocoyotzin[ edit ] Moctezuma II was, although many sources depict him otherwise, a notable warrior who extended the tributary system, and consolidated the conquests made by his predecessors as well as conquering new territories. Continue Reading. The god favours the hearts, which are torn from the bodies as his offering. All his demands were met. To achieve this effect the cheeks were either rubbed with a yellow earth or anointed with a cream containing axin, a waxy yellowish substance obtained by cooking and crushing the bodies of fat-producing insects. Through intensive agriculture the Aztecs were able to sustain a large urbanized population. These states had an economy based on highly productive chinampa agriculture, cultivating human-made extensions of rich soil in the shallow lake Xochimilco. The reigns of Axayacatl — and Tizoc —[ edit ] Moctezuma I's son, Axayacatl , ascended to the throne in Eventually, the girl wound up as a slave of the Cacique the military chief of Tabasco. Each altepetl was led by a ruler, a tlatoani , with authority over a group of nobles and a population of commoners.
The last to arrive, around A. The conquest of central Mexico is complete.
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