France during the period from 1789 1793 essay
These included resentment of royal absolutism ; resentment by peasants, labourers and the bourgeoisie towards the traditional seigneurial privileges possessed by the nobility; resentment of the Catholic Church's influence over public policy and institutions; aspirations for freedom of religion ; resentment of aristocratic bishops by the poorer rural clergy; aspirations for social, political and economic equality, and especially as the Revolution progressed republicanism ; hatred of Queen Marie-Antoinettewho was falsely accused of being a spendthrift and an Austrian spy; and anger towards the King for dismissing ministers, including finance minister Jacques Neckerwho were popularly seen as representatives of the people.
Necker then stated that each estate should verify its own members' credentials and that the king should act as arbitrator. The whole world changed once the effects of the revolution spread through Europe. Reign of Terror The darkest period of the French Revolution is called the Reign of Terror which lasted from to In February, war was still going badly for France.
Why were the successive governments of france between 1789 and 1799 so short lived
His decisions to use his veto against legislation that seemed to threaten the interests of the Nobility and Clergy, portrayed him as a biased ruler. This was a signal that the Bourbon monarchy was in a weakened state and subject to the demands of its people. Consequently, as many new discoveries had been born, people gained a new, secular perspective of the world, allowing them to realize their desire for change. While this did come eventually, it came with many sacrifices, upwards of 17, were executed in a chaotic time known as the reign of terror History. In conclusion, the aims of the French revolutionaries had gone through a series of radical changes from to Reign of Terror The darkest period of the French Revolution is called the Reign of Terror which lasted from to The Enlightenment also changed the world of public debate, and established some ideas central to the French Revolution. The poor became poorer, King Louis XVI lost power, and hundreds of thousands of people would end up losing their lives. Blood sheds happen almost every day. It is crucial to know what the Third Estate consisted of in order for one to truly comprehend the hardships for which the citizens faced. The French Revolution dramatically changed France politically and culturally. Weather did not allow an outdoor meeting, and fearing an attack ordered by Louis XVI, they met in a tennis court just outside Versailles, where they proceeded to swear the Tennis Court Oath 20 June under which they agreed not to separate until they had given France a constitution. It indicated the end of Absolutism and the implementation of ideas of the Enlightenment based on liberty, equality, and personal freedom.
The main factors causing the french revolution are: debt from previous wars leading to the financial crisis, resentment of the nobility, influence of enlightenment ideas, a series of bad harvests and a weak monarch. Weather did not allow an outdoor meeting, and fearing an attack ordered by Louis XVI, they met in a tennis court just outside Versailles, where they proceeded to swear the Tennis Court Oath 20 June under which they agreed not to separate until they had given France a constitution.
History of france essay
How to cite this page Choose cite format:. The Scientific Revolution, which began in the 16th century, gave way to a new and revolutionary way of thinking. The main causes of the Reign of Terror is a fear of traitors growing in France and the revolutionary tribunals…. The French Revolution dramatically changed France politically and culturally. Robespierre was one of the leaders of the Committee of Public Safety, the effective governing body of France during the most radical phase of the revolution. The sans-cullotes had an increasing influence on the course of the Revolution, and often achieved their goals by violent means. I will discuss how conflicts around the world affect one another, give a brief history of the French Revolution, and explain how the revolution was fueled by an economic conflict. Most of the people were members of the Third Estate. They changed names over time to the Legislative Assembly and, later, to the National Convention. The French Revolution is considered to be the most momentous movements as it distorted the principles of French society. Meanwhile, the royal court at Versailles was isolated from and indifferent to the escalating crisis. He abolished the age old practice of feudalism. After the British surrender at the Battle of Saratoga , the French sent 10, troops and millions of dollars to the rebels.
The Directory ruled until Napoleon took control. These revolutionaries desperately. The American Revolution had just occurred and come to a close, so the people of France picked up on the ideals of freedom and balanced power.
The revolution came to an end when a general named Napoleon overthrew the revolutionary government and established the French Consulate with Napoleon as leader. Although the church, monarchy and the aristocracy were its most prominent victims they were by no means its only ones.
The manorial system in which peasants were tied to their landlords through obligations and fees were gone, as was the corvee and all tithing to the church. The Jacobin Club, a radical political force now led by Maximilien Robespierre, was at the head of the calls for a republic.
Meanwhile, the royal court at Versailles was isolated from and indifferent to the escalating crisis.
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