A glimpse at slavery and its effects on political parties in america
Taylor improved on Clay's performance in the South and benefited from the defection of many Democrats to Van Buren in the North.
See Congressional Globe, vol xxvi. Only an infamous inaugural-night supper by Republican Party leaders in the Caucus Room Brasserie, in which they pledged not so much as to entertain any and all presidential initiatives, in order to make him a failed, one-term president.
Finally, some Hoosiers, even while aware of the wrongness of slavery, thought the moral problem belonged to the South entirely; it was not their concern, having left the South and washed their hands of the sin. The North may now breathe freely and stand erect.
What are the alternatives presented to us?
Mason objected to a jury trial for fugitives on the ground that such a process would require that "proof shall be brought forward that slavery is established by existing laws;" and, said he, " it is impossible to comply with the requisition, for no such law can be produced.
Dissolution would be revolutionary.
The Constitution itself, in its preamble and in the provisions already quoted, furnishes the definition. Many Whigs, while believing that compromise was necessary to maintain a strong national party, also were increasingly frustrated with what they believed was the increasing unwillingness of many Southern politicians to compromise—fading fast were leaders like Henry Clay, who had died in It has, and can have, only one remedy for the slave and for his protector. Founding Father Alexander Hamilton was shot dead by Aaron Burr in the political duel that launched a thousand road companies, but if few other factional disputes had such box office value, they were a commonplace. However limited the powers of the Federal Government may be, they are not restricted from doing, that which pertains essentially, in the nature of things, to all civil government, namely, to protect the personal liberty of its subjects. The right of Federal interference with slavery in the States, the intention of such interference with it, was, in express terms, loudly disclaimed by the leaders of the "non-extension" enterprise, in Congress and out of it, from the forum and from the press. And what Messrs. The old republic that Fallows would champion, where we struggled and learned and changed, is dead and gone. Republicans actually did better in those counties in which the Southern Democrats still showed strength, perhaps because the Southern influence in local politics made other voters receptive to the Republican message about the slave power. But we know, too, that the safeguards of personal liberty are for the weak, the obscure, the defenseless; and still further, that no people, not prepared to become slaves, will long submit to the indignity of occupying the same level with slaves, in respect to the legal security of their rights to personal liberty. There are just three objections to the proposal. Already the right of the States to exclude slavery is boldly questioned. Time was when slavery was defended as the "peculiar institution" of the South, resting on "local positive law. With these views of the Constitution of our country, we feel ourselves prepared for an aggressive - not a merely defensive - contest with the slave power. And these professions lie at the basis of their claims to obedience, support and veneration.
Liberation would only be the constitutional administration of the existing government, for its original and declared ends.
Will they acknowledge this to be their condition? During all that dark and guilty period, the sacred obligations of pro-slavery compromises were held paramount to all other obligations.
Bear in mind, if you please, that, so far as law and government are concerned, you are at the mercy of kidnappers, every man of you, unless the National Government can protect all its subjects from enslavement.
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